Gum disease is one of the most common dental problems affecting several individuals worldwide. It is caused by bacteria in the mouth that can lead to inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease which can cause swollen, red and bleeding gums. If not treated on time, gingivitis can advance to periodontists which is characterized by receding gums and tooth loss. However, note that gum disease not only affects your mouth but can have a far-reaching impact on your body also. Read on to know more.
Studies have shown that women with gum disease take a higher time to conceive than women who don’t have the disease. Periodontal disease is also linked with pre-mature child birth which can cause health risks for the baby. However, treating the disease during pregnancy has proved to be effective—with most women having a normal delivery. Further, fertility specialists also require women to be free of gum disease or to undergo treatment of the disease. This affirms that gum disease affects fertility which can however be prevented through treatment, proper oral care and hygiene habits.
- Heart Disease
Gum disease causes inflammation which can lead to hardened arteries. This can disrupt the blood flow to the heart which can cause a heart attack. Also, swollen gums are the main symptom of gingivitis which is caused by bacteria that thrive on plaque build ups in the mouth. This bacteria can manage to escape into the bloodstream and cause inflammation in the body which is one of the reasons for heart disease and arthritis.
- Alzheimer’s disease
In a study published online in the Journal of Alzheimer’s disease, it was found that people who didn’t take their dental health seriously were at a greater risk of developing Alzheimer’s. Amongst these, since older people have reduced abilities to take care of their dental health, they are highly likely to contract the disease. Studies also show that bacteria which is persistent in gum disease can enter the bloodstream through a simple stimulation like eating or chewing. This bacteria can reach the brain and kill brain cells, thus causing chemical changes in the brain, leading to cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s.
Besides the above, gum disease is also said to be linked with diabetes, lung and respiratory disorders. Timely treatment and going for regular check-ups can help curb the progression of gum disease and reduce the risk of other diseases as well.